Buddha temple is always crowded by foreign tourists is mendut temple. Mendut located in the village, Magelang regency, about 37 km to the west of the city of Yogyakarta. Location of the temple is very strategic Mendut as being on the edge of the highway, location is only about 3 km from the borobudur temple , which is estimated to have a Buddhist temple close links with Pawon and Mendut. The third temple is visited foreign tourists and foreign tourists as it is located on a straight line north-south direction and the distance is not too far away so if you visit the Borobudur temple Mendut stop into the temple. Has not earned Mendut certainty about when built, but JG de Casparis suspect that Mendut built by the first king of the dynasty dynasty in 824 AD The assumption is based on the content Karangtengah Inscription (824 AD), which states that the king Indra has made a sacred building named Wenuwana. Casparis interpret Wenuwana (bamboo forest) as Mendut. Mendut estimated age older than the age of Candi Barabudhur.
This temple was first discovered back in 1836. The entire building Mendut found, except for the roof because the temple was buried by soil. In 1897-1904, the Dutch did the first restoration undertakings with satisfactory results, although still far from perfect because there are a lot of rocks that have not been able to in the flats are still scattered around the main temple. But the temple has been standing like Mendut benthic nurseries temples and temple walls form has been successfully reconstituted to form an interesting temple. In 1908, Van Erp led the reconstruction and restoration back Mendut, namely to perfect the shape of the roof, replace the stupas and fix most roof tops. The restoration was stopped due to unavailability of funds, but resumed in 1925.
Mendut has a basic rectangular floor plan. 26.40 m high building entirely. Inside the temple there is a statue of the Buddha Mendut facing west, Body Buddhist temple stands on 2 m high base. On the surface there is a hallway shelf is quite wide and comes with a ledge. Foot wall of the temple is decorated with 31 panels containing various pieces of narrative reliefs, sculptured flowers and tendrils beautiful, all of these portray the glory and prosperity of antiquity. In some places along the outer wall of the ledge there jaladwara or channel to remove water from the breezeway. Jaladwara found in most temples in Central Java and Yogyakarta, as in Borobudur temple, Banyuniba Temple, Prambanan and Ratu Baka. Jaladwara in every temple has a different shape because of all the functions and the temple has different meanings. The stairs leading to the lobby is located on the west side, right in front of the entrance to the temple room. The entrance to the temple room is equipped with a walk-in viewer that juts out. Viewer the same booth high roof and blend with the roof of the temple. There is no gate or door frame on the front wall of cubicle viewer. Chamber itself is shaped hallway with ceiling cavity shaped elongated with triangular cross section.
Cheek stair wall decorated with several carved panels depicting various stories that contain the teachings of Buddha. Butt cheeks stairs decorated with a pair of dragon heads his mouth was wide open, while in the mouth there is a lion-like beast. Under the head of the dragon are illustrated panels gnomish like Gana. The roof of the temple consists of three cubes are arranged further up the smaller, like the roof of the temples in the Dieng temple complex and Gedongsanga. All around the cubes are decorated with 48 small stupas. Peak of the roof had not left so do not know the original form. Walls in booths decorated with reliefs Kuwera viewer or Avataka and Hariti relief. Kuwera reliefs carved on the north wall, Hariti reliefs sculpted on the south wall. Kuwera is a cannibal giants who converted after meeting with the Buddha. He turned out to be the god of wealth and protector of children. Kuwera has a wife named Hariti, which originally was also a man-eating giant. As well as her husband, Hariti converted after meeting the Buddha and later became a protector of children. Relief Hariti Kuwera and there are many temples in Tantric Buddhism, such as Sewu, Candi Banyuniba and Kalasan.
Kuwera depicted in the relief is sitting on a bench. Looked around him a number of children were playing. Under the seat there the man purse containing money. Purse containing cash Kuwera characterizes as the god of wealth. Relief Hariti show similar atmosphere. Hariti kneeling on a bench and hold a child. Looks around him a number of children were playing. The walls of the temple decorated with reliefs relating to the life of Buddha. On the south wall there is a relief Bodhisattwa Avalokiteswara. Buddha seated on padmasana (lotus throne of) under the auspices of Kalpataru tree. Tara on his right calf in the padmasana and on the left another woman also seated on the padmasana. Slightly upward, in left and right looked like two clouds. In each blob appears the figure of a man reading a book. On the left and right edges of the stone pillars depicted are arranged stacked. At the top of the pillar looks Gana in a crouched position while supporting something. In the presence of the Buddha there is a pond filled with lotus flowers. Pool water from dripping tears because of sadness Buddhist thinking human disasters in the world. Right in front of the Buddha, seen two women emerged from the sidelines lotus in the pond.
On the east wall of sculpted reliefs Bodhisattva. In this relief the Buddha is described as a four-armed figure standing on a place that looks like a phallus. Worn clothing is oversized clothing empire. Around his head radiating divine light. Left hand holding the back of the book, next to the rear right hand holding prayer beads, two front hand varamudra describe attitudes, the Buddha sitting cross-legged with hands gesture give grace. To his left a lotus flower out of the vessel. On the north wall carved reliefs depicting the goddess Tara was sitting on a padmasana, flanked by two men. In this relief is portrayed as the goddess Tara handed delapa. Fourth left hand holding each oyster, wajra, chakra, and beads, while the right-hand four each holding a cup, axes, sticks, and books.
On the west wall (front), at the north entrance, there is a relief Sarwaniwaranawiskhambi. Sarwaniwaranawiskhambi depicted standing under an umbrella. Wearing clothing that is oversized fashion empire. In the room is quite spacious in the body there are 3 pieces Mendut Buddha statues. There is a door right facing Buddha Sakyamuni, the Buddha was preaching. Buddha depicted in a sitting position with hands Dharmacakramudra attitude, the attitude of being mewejangkan teachings. It’s all pretty much the same buddha statue but the difference is the position of his hands.
On the right, facing south, there is a statue of Bodhisattva Avalokiteswara, the Buddha as a human helper. Buddha is portrayed in a seated position with your left leg bent and right leg dangling down. Right foot riding on a small lotus pads. To the left of the room, facing the north, there is a statue of the Maitreya Bodhisattva human liberator who was sitting with attitude simhakarnamudra hand, similar attitude vitarkamudra but his fingers closed. All three statues in this room wearing equipped with ‘prabha “or divine light around his head. You are interested in beauty Mendut temple, temple Mendut travel is very affordable by us because the tickets are very easy and cool because of its place under the big banyan tree and very shade.